Glossary of Remodeling Terms


Aluminum:  Metal material known for its strength. Used for house windows, storm windows, glass block windows, storm doors, awnings & canopies, gutters & downspouts, siding, soffit & fascia, and capping.

Awning:  Exterior covering of windows, used for shade and to block out solar heat. 

Awning Window:  A casement window that is hinged at the top and hung horizontally. The effect is such that the window swings out like an awning.


Bay Window:  Projects beyond the wall of a home and is commonly used to create more interior living space. The most common angles for bay windows are 15, 30, and 45 degrees.

Bow Window:  A curved bay window which also projects beyond the wall and is commonly used to create more interior living space. They typically combine four or more casement windows that form an arch.


Canopy:  Exterior covering of doors.  Used to protect people from the weather while entering and exiting homes.

Casement Window:  A window that's attached to its frame by one or more hinges. They are typically hinged at the side, but also at the top or bottom. They are opened with either a crank, lever, or cam handle.

Cement Board:  A combination of cement and glass fibers. Used for siding, soffit & fascia.

Composite:  Engineered material made from two or more materials. Used for porches, decks, & stairs.

Copper:  Material that resists corrosion and the growth of moss. Used for gutters & downspouts.


Double-Hung Window:  A type of window that's made up of two sashes that slightly overlap to slide vertically inside of the frame. Double-hungs are the most common window in US homes.


Entry Door:  Allows access into your home.


Fiberglass:  Material made from extremely fine fibers of glass and composite.  Used for house windows and house doors.


Galvanized Steel:  Steel with a protective zinc coating. Used for gutters & downspouts.

Garden Window:  Projects beyond the wall of a room, typically over the sink in a kitchen. It is best used for growing flowers and herbs inside your home.

Glass Block Window:  Made of "glass" or acrylic, used for basements, bathrooms, and shower enclosures.  Provide security and privacy.




Interior Door:  Separates rooms within a home.

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Modified and Rubber Roofing:  Material for low pitched roofs.

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Patio Covers:  Typically, exterior covering of decks and patios, covers for sun and weather protection.

Porches:  Exterior extension of the home, typically on the front and/or rear of the home. 




Roofing:  Protective covering on top of wood roof structures.


Sash:  Part of a window, a sash is the frame that holds the glass.

Shingles:  Roofing, Architectural and 3-tab.

Single-Hung Window:  A type of sash window in which the bottom sash is moveable and the top sash is fixed.

Sliding Window:  A type of window that has two or more sashes that slightly overlap to slide horizontally within the frame.

Sliding Patio Door:  Door that opens horizontally and slides on a track. They typically lead to a deck or porch and are made mostly of glass.

Steel:  Woodgrain or smooth. Used for house doors, storm doors, and siding.

Storm Door, Jalousie:  Loovers open and close for air ventilation.

Storm Door, Security:  Steel door.

Storm Door, Self-storing:  Door in which the glass and screen raise and lower for air ventilation.

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Vinyl:  Primarily PVC, which is strong, rigid, and impact resistant.  Used for house windows, siding, soffit & fascia, porches, decks, & stairs, and fences & railings.


Wood:  Organic material that can be stained and varnished or primed and painted. Used for house windows, storm windows, house doors, storm doors, siding, porches, decks, & stairs, and fences & railings.

Wood-Clad:  Wood that is surrounded by either aluminum or vinyl on the exterior. Used for house windows and makes exterior surfaces maintenance-free.

Wood Core:  Wood that is surrounded by either aluminum or vinyl. Used for storm doors.

Wrought Iron:  The "wrought iron" fences and railings you see today are actually made out of mild steel, which has properties close to that of iron.  Used for fences, railings, and gates.

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